Saturday, 11 April 2015

More 19th Century Bookplates

My two favourite things
The pile seems endless. As I sit here at stare at coat of arms after coat of arms, I must admit that I did not realize there was so much heraldry in nineteenth century Canada. Morley, Ayearst, and Harrod actually noted in their introduction in Prescott's catalogue that much of the nineteenth century Canadian ex Libris consisted of die sink armorials. Perhaps they were right after all.

These are the type of bookplate I often see sitting in shoe boxes at book fairs. Somewhat abandoned to be bought for a dollar or two each because, frankly, no one has a clue who these people were or what their shields and crests mean. Mottos are proudly displayed in cryptic Latin, a language of sophistication all but lost on most folks today. Thankfully, in Canada at least, the language provides a convenience for most - no need to write things twice in English and French when it could be presented once in Latin.

And behind each bookplate is a story. A library. A person. And as a result I continue to sift through the pile, looking for clues that lets me unlock the biographies of their owners and designers. Unfortunately, most armorials lack a designers initials or mark, and as such, one is left to consult other sources to determine their origin. I've had some luck in looking through advertisers of the period in question.

Below, as promised, are a few mentioned in Prescott that I'm currently researching further. If you anything about the owners of these plates or their designers, please feel free to comment. Otherwise, enjoy, and I'll write more about them once the research has progressed a but further.

Until next time...

Thursday, 9 April 2015

Canada and the Battle of Vimy Ridge 9 April 1917

Lieutenant General Sir Arthur Currie (center)
Photo by William Rider-Rider
(Imperial War Museum, CO1970)
Every April 9th Canadians pause to remember one of its country's most famous battles - Vimy Ridge. Nearly a century ago in 1917, after years of failed attempts by the British and French armies to push the German defenders off the heights, the 4 division strong Canadian Corps stormed the heavily fortified ridge and succeeded in capturing the majority of it in a single day. By 12 April, the remaining pockets of German resistance crumbled under the weight of repeated Canadian attacks, marking a stunning tactical success in what otherwise became yet another failed British offensive on the Western Front that year.

Interestingly, the Battle of Vimy Ridge was neither the most costly or the most significant Canadian battle of the First World War, and as many historians have recently argued other engagements - Passchendaele, Hill 70, Amiens, and the Canal du Nord were similarly significant in establishing the remarkable Canadian reputation of being the 'shock troops of the British Empire". Even Canada's most widely recognized General of the Great War - Sir Arthur Currie - would earn his great reputation not on the heights of Vimy Ridge where his own division had a relatively easier fight than others, but rather in later battles where he repeatedly proved his tactical genius over his adversaries.

Sources on the history of the battle are plentiful as you can see from the references listed below. As such it serves as a tremendously interesting and poignant background to the collection of Canadian Ex Libris, books, and ephemera associated with the battle. Most of the items in my own archive are books and ephemera, bits and pieces I've collected along the way over the years. I've yet to come across a bookplate making specific mention of the battle in its composition, and would be interested to know if anyone else has. Otherwise, for now the search continues.

In other news, I'm still going through the pile of 19th century bookplates. I'll post a few this weekend that I'm currently researching. Until next time ....

Further Reading on the Battle of Vimy Ridge, 9-12 April 1917

Saturday, 28 March 2015

Frederic William Cumberland Bookplate

Frederic William Cumberland (1820-1881)
Library and Archives Canada/MIKAN 3214491 
Last winter I started sorting through the rather massive pile of nineteenth century bookplates that were patiently waiting my attention here in the library. I separated out from the rest of the box the many crests and armorial plates that, while full of interest from a heraldic point of view, are often considered unappealing by the general collector who tends to prefer pictorials executed by well-known artists. Armorial plates are therefore often passed over at sales and auctions, however, this is a good thing for those of us who know our history and can spot notable names easily before someone else can google them.

I've included this week an example of an armorial bookplate that I acquired a long time ago for very a small sum. The real joy of collecting these is twofold. First, they present great studies in Canadian heraldry, a field that thanks to the Royal Heraldry Society of Canada continues to enjoy a large following devoted to learning about and increasing our knowledge of this valuable subject. Second, they present great opportunities to learn about Canadian history through biography.

The bookplate to Frederic William Cumberland is a good example of a typical armorial plate that tends to get passed over. Not listed in Franks or Allen, without initials to narrow the name search or easy access to Canadian references foreign dealers tend to let such plates go for very little. Both the heraldry and name seemed familiar to me, however, and a quick check in Prescott's catalogue confirmed my suspicion.

Born in London in 1820, Frederic Cumberland studied engineering, survey, and architecture before emigrating to Canada in 1847 after marrying into an influential Toronto family. He worked as a surveyor laying out the intersection of Yonge and Bloor Streets and was later the county engineer for York and Peel.

Returning to architecture, Cumberland designed a number of important Toronto landmarks including St. James Cathedral, the Normal and Model Schools of Toronto, York County Court House, Toronto Mechanics Institute (in 1883 this became the Toronto Public Library), the Magentical Observatory, the centre portion of Osgoode Hall, and also University College at the University of Toronto. In addition, he designed several prominent Toronto family homes, including Thomas Ridout, John Ross, and others. Cumberland's own spacious home, Pendarves, was designed and built c.1860.
Period drawing of St. James Cathedral, Toronto

This apparently unused bookplate was intended for a book in Cumberland's private library at Pendarves. Though I haven't investigated yet whether there is any information on the size, scope, or fate of this library I certainly have a number of buildings to revisit on my next trip into Toronto now that I know who designed them. This is perhaps the third joy of collecting bookplates. Having learned something new about Canada's history through biography, I can now go look at these places again and appreciate them in a new light armed with this new knowledge and insight.

Until next time....

Saturday, 21 March 2015

.....And We're Back!

My apologies for my enforced absence from this part of the hobby, looking back I see it's been almost two years since my last post on the blog. I've still been actively engaged in collecting and researching Canadian bookplates, but I had to devote my writing time to completing another academic publication last year and as such had to trim other activities as a result. Unfortunately this blog was one of the "writing" casualties, but now that the book is published I'm free to return to other interests for the time being.

One of the main projects ongoing has been the development of a new illustrated history and catalogue of Canadian bookplates. Prescott's book published almost a century ago now (1919) contained only 1765 entries in its catalogue and not all of the entries were accompanied by biographical information. I've since discovered that as enterprising as Prescott, Harrod, and Ayearst were in developing their list they missed recording over a thousand other Canadian ex Libris dating prior to 1919. In addition, I've added to the list another thousand items dating from 1920-1990, and at present I conservatively estimate perhaps as many as another 2000 entries are still waiting to be included. I haven't quite worked out what the final publication will look like, but I am hoping to make it as comprehensive as possible. As always, any information you have to share on Canadian bookplates is greatly appreciated.  

Being away from the webblog also gave me a bit of time to think about how I'd like to reshape things online a bit. There's some interesting developments on that front as well, so be sure to check back here for updates in the near future. Otherwise, I hope collecting has been going well for everyone and for those of you who had sent emails I will reply as soon as possible. Until next time...

Tuesday, 2 April 2013

Bookplate of the Day

Just looking through some recent acquisitions, so I thought I'd post one Im currently researching for everyone to enjoy.  It doesn't seem this library exists anymore as a separate entity, but it may have been folded into another one at the University of Toronto.  If anyone knows for sure, however, please drop me a comment or an email and let me know!

The actual statue of King Alfred that this bookplate illustrates sits in the town square in Winchester, England.  I've had the opportunity to see it firsthand, and it's an impressive figure indeed.

I'll be back on the weekend with a new post.  Until next time...